Eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR) is a psychological therapy which is use to treat traumatic life experiences such as an assault, abuse, road traffic accident, or bullying.
When a person is involved in a distressing event, they may feel overwhelmed and their brain may be unable to process the information as we do to non-distressing memories. The distressing memory seems to become frozen and when a person recalls the distressing memory, the person can re-experience what they saw, heard, smelt, tasted or felt, and this can very distressing. Sometimes the memories are so distressing, the person tries to avoid thinking about the distressing event to avoid experiencing the distressing feelings.
Some find that the distressing memories come to mind when something reminds them of the distressing event, or sometimes the memories just seem to just pop into mind.
In EMDR the distressing memories lose their intensity, so that the memories are less distressing and seem more like ‘ordinary’ memories. helps reduce the distress of all the different kinds of memories, whether it was what you saw, heard, smelt, tasted, felt or thought.